Kiwi Plant Spacing: Planting Female Kiwis Next To Male Kiwi Vines

Ripe hardy kiwis tempt hanging on the vine tempt all who pass.
Image by ErikaMitchell

By Amy Grant

If you love kiwi fruit and would like to grow your own, the good news is that there is a variety for almost every climate. Before you plant your kiwi vine, there are a number of things to consider such as kiwi plant spacing, where to plant male/female kiwis and the number of male kiwi per female. Also, what is the relationship between male/female kiwis? Are female kiwis toxic to male plants?

Where to Plant Male/Female Kiwis

Okay, let’s address the question, “Are female kiwis toxic to male plants?” No more toxic than my boyfriend can be to me sometimes; I guess the word would be irritating. The female, in fact, needs the male to fruit. The male’s only job is to produce pollen and lots of it. That said, the number of male kiwi per female needed for fruit production is one male to every eight females.

Advertisement

Of course, you need to identify which is a male kiwi and which is a female. If the vine is in bloom, there can be no doubt. The male blossoms will be almost entirely composed of pollen-laden anthers while the female blooms will have a bright white center– the ovaries.

If you haven’t yet bought your vines or you are looking for a male to pollinate a female, gender of the plants is tagged at the nursery. Look for ‘Mateua,’ ‘Tomori’ and ‘Chico Male’ if you want male vines. Female varieties include ‘Abbot,’ ‘Bruno,’ ‘Hayward,’ ‘Monty’ and ‘Vincent.’

Kiwi Plant Spacing

We have established that planting female kiwis next to males is recommended if you desire fruit production. Planting female kiwis next to males is not necessary if you are only growing the vines as ornamentals.

Select a site that is protected from cold winter winds. Set the vines in the spring in loose soil amended with plenty of compost and a time release organic fertilizer.

Space female vines 15 feet apart generally; some hardy kiwis can be planted closer together at 8 feet apart. The males do not need to be right next to the females but at least within a distance of 50 feet. They can also be planted right next to the female if you have a space issue.

Print This Article
This article was last updated on
Did you find this helpful?
Share it with your friends!

Additional Help & Information

Didn't find the answer to your question? Ask one of our friendly gardening experts.

Do you know anything about gardening? Help answer someone's gardening question.

Read more articles about Kiwi Plants.

Search for more information

Use the search box below to find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: