Spiny Cucumbers: Why Do My Cucumbers Get Prickly

By Amy Grant

My neighbor gave me some cucumber starts this year. She got them from a friend of a friend until no one had any idea what variety they were. Even though I have had a veggie garden for years, I had never actually grown cucumbers. Really! So I plunked them in the garden and surprise! They were rapacious producing spiny cucumbers. Well, I’d never seen spines on cucumbers since I usually get those smooth consumer ready grocery store cukes. So why did my cucumbers get prickly, and are spiny cucumbers normal? Let’s investigate.

Why Do My Cucumbers Get Prickly?

Cucumbers are members of the Cucurbit family along with squash, pumpkins and melons. They are divided between two groups: those for pickling and slicing varieties. Both varieties may have varying degrees of cucumber prickles – so prickly cucumbers is actually quite normal. Some might have tiny little hairs and others all out spines. The slicing varieties are usually less prickly while the pickling types are spinier.

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Native to India, cucumbers may have become spiny for the same reason that some animals are camouflaged or have horns…to protect themselves from predators. This is no doubt the case with cucumbers.

Grow cukes in full sun in well-draining soil that has been amended with plenty of compost. Sow seeds inside or wait and sow directly outside when soil temps have warmed to at least 60 degrees F. (15 C.) and all danger of frost has passed. Cucumbers thrive in temps of 70 F. (21 C.) during the day and above 60 F. (15 C.) at night.

If you sow your seeds indoors, start them 2-4 weeks prior to the last frost date for your area in soilless potting medium. Be sure to harden the seedlings off before transplanting them.

Space the plants 12-24 inches apart in rows 5-6 feet apart for slicing cukes. For pickling cucumbers, space 8-12 inches apart in rows 3-6 feet apart. If direct sowing, place 2-3 seeds per hill and then thin out the weakest. Water deeply and regularly and fertilize.

If you are growing a vining type of cuke, be sure to provide some type of support.

Can You Eat Prickly Cucumbers?

Spines on cucumbers aren’t deadly, but they would be terribly uncomfortable to eat. The good news is that you can always peel a cucumber if the cucumber prickles are on the large side.

Most prickly cucumber fruit is just that, covered with minor hairy prickles. For these, a good washing will probably remove the prickles. If they won’t come off right away, use a veggie brush to remove them.

Oh, and this is interesting. I just read that the pristine, smooth cukes we are used to purchasing at the supermarket have spines. They are removed prior to selling to the consumer! Who knew?

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