Planning A Companion Vegetable Garden

companion-planting
Image by Samuel Mann

By Heather Rhoades

Companion vegetable plants are plants that can help each other when planted near each other. Creating a companion vegetable garden will allow you to take advantage of these useful and beneficial relationships.

Companion Planting Reasons

Vegetable companion planting makes sense for a few reasons:

First, Many companion plants are already things you would place in your garden. By moving these plants around, you can get the best performance from them.

Second, many companion vegetable plants help to deter pests, which helps to decrease the amount of pesticides and effort it takes to keep your garden pest free.

Third, vegetable companion planting frequently also increases the yields of the plants. This means you get more food from the same space.

Below is a vegetable companion planting list:

Vegetable Companion Planting List

Plant Companions
Asparagus basil, parsley, pot marigold, tomatoes
Beets bush beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, onions
Broccoli beets, celery, cucumbers, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, rosemary, sage, spinach, swiss chard
Brussels Sprouts beets, celery, cucumbers, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, rosemary, sage, spinach, swiss chard
Bush Beans beets, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, chinese cabbage, corn, cucumbers, eggplants, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, peas, potatoes, radishes, strawberries, swiss chard
Cabbage beets, celery, cucumbers, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, rosemary, sage, spinach, swiss chard
Carrots beans, chives, lettuce, onions, peas, peppers, radishes, rosemary, sage, tomatoes
Cauliflower beets, celery, cucumbers, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, rosemary, sage, spinach, swiss chard
Celery beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, chives, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, nasturtium, tomatoes
Corn beans, cucumbers, melons, parsley, peas, potatoes, pumpkin, squash, white geranium
Cucumber beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, corn, kale, kohlrabi, marigold, nasturtium, oregano, peas, radishes, tansy, tomatoes
Eggplant beans, marigold, peppers
Kale beets, celery, cucumbers, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, rosemary, sage, spinach, swiss chard
Kohlrabi beets, celery, cucumbers, dill, garlic, hyssop, lettuce, mint, nasturtium, onions, potatoes, rosemary, sage, spinach, swiss chard
Lettuce beets, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, chives, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, onions, radishes, strawberries
Melons corn, marigold, nasturtium, oregano, pumpkin, radishes, squash
Onions beets, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, chamomile, cauliflower, carrots, chinese cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, peppers, strawberries, summer savory, swiss chard, tomatoes
Parsley asparagus, corn, tomatoes
Peas beans, carrots, chives, corn, cucumbers, mint, radishes, turnip
Peppers carrots, eggplants, onions, tomato
Pole Beans broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, celery, chinese cabbage, corn, cucumbers, eggplants, garlic, kale, kohlrabi, peas, potatoes, radishes, strawberries, swiss chard
Potatoes beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, corn, eggplants, horseradish, kale, kohlrabi, marigold, peas
Pumpkins corn, marigold, melons, nasturtium, oregano, squash
Radishes beans, carrots, chervil, cucumbers, lettuce, melons, nasturtium, peas
Spinach broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, strawberries
Strawberry beans, borage, lettuce, onions, spinach, thyme
Summer Squash borage, corn, marigold, melons, nasturtium, oregano, pumpkins
Swiss Chard beans, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, chinese cabbage, kale, kohlrabi, onions
Tomatoes asparagus, basil, bee balm, borage, carrots, celery, chives, cucumbers, mint, onions, parsley, peppers, pot marigold
Turnips peas
Winter Squash corn, melons, pumpkins, borage, marigold, nasturtium, oregano

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