Blood Lily Care: How To Grow An African Blood Lily Plant

Scadoxus katharinae (Blood Lily or African Blood Lily) is a flower from the family Amaryllidaceae. It blooms once a year and is native to South Africa.
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By Mary H. Dyer, Master Naturalist and Master Gardener

Native to South Africa, African blood lily (Scadoxus puniceus), also known as snake lily plant, is an exotic tropical perennial. This plant produces reddish-orange globes of pincushion-like blooms in late spring and early summer. The flashy, 10-inch blooms make the plant a real show stopper. Read on to learn about growing African blood lilies in your garden.

How to Grow an African Blood Lily

Growing African blood lilies outdoors is possible only in the warm climates of USDA plant hardiness zones 9 through 12.


Plant blood lily bulbs with the necks even with, or slightly above, the surface of the soil.

If your soil is poor, dig in a few inches of compost or manure, as blood lily bulbs need rich, well-drained soil. The plant thrives in either partial shade or full sunlight.

Growing African Blood Lilies in Cool Climates

If you live north of USDA zone 9 and you have your heart set on growing this spectacular flower, dig the bulbs before the first frost in autumn. Pack them in peat moss and store where temperatures remain between 50 and 60 degrees F. (10-15 C.) Replant the bulbs outdoors when you’re sure all danger of frost has passed in spring.

You can also grow snake lily plants in containers. Bring the container indoors when nighttime temperatures fall below 55 degrees F. (13 C.) Let the leaves dry out and don’t water until spring.

African Blood Lily Care

Water African blood lily regularly throughout the growing system. This plant does best when ground is consistently moist, but never soggy. Gradually reduce watering and allow the foliage to die down in late summer. When the plant goes dormant, withhold water until spring.

Feed the plant once or twice during the growing season. Use a light application of any balanced garden fertilizer.

A Note of Caution: Use care when growing African blood lilies if you have pets or small children. They may be attracted to the colorful flowers, and the plants are mildly toxic. Ingesting the plants may result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and excessive salivation.

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