What Is A Jujube Tree: Tips For Growing Jujube Trees

Jujube Tree
unabi fruit tree
(Image credit: Alisa Gabliya)

Looking for something exotic to grow in your garden this year? Then why not consider growing jujube trees. With proper jujube tree care, you can enjoy these exotic fruits right from the garden. Let's learn more about how to grow a jujube tree.

What is a Jujube Tree?

Jujube (Ziziphus jujube), also known as the Chinese date, is native to China. This medium-sized tree can grow up to 40 feet (12 m.) and has glossy green, deciduous leaves with light gray bark. The oval-shaped, single-stoned fruit is green to start with and becomes dark brown over time. Similar to figs, the fruit will dry and become wrinkled when left on the vine. The fruit has a similar taste to an apple.

How to Grow a Jujube Tree

Jujubes do best in warm, dry climates, but can tolerate winter lows down to -20 degrees F. (-29 C.). Growing jujube trees is not difficult as long as you have sandy, well-drained soil. They are not particular about soil pH, but do need to be planted in full sun. The tree can be propagated by seed or root sprout.

Jujube Tree Care

A single application of nitrogen prior to the growing season helps with fruit production. Although this hardy tree will tolerate drought, regular water will help with fruit production. There are no known pest or disease problems with this tree.

Harvesting Jujube Fruit

It is extremely easy when it comes time for harvesting jujube fruit. When jujube fruit has turned dark brown, it will be ready to harvest. You can also leave the fruit on the tree until it fully dries. Cut the stem when harvesting rather than pulling the fruit from the vine. Fruit should be firm to the touch. The fruit is best stored between 52 and 55 degrees F. (11-13 C.) in a green fruit bag.