Because of their smaller size and easy-going growth habits, parlor palms are very popular indoor plants, although they can be grown outdoors in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 and 11. While most trees can be propagated a variety of ways, parlor palm can only be propagated by seed. The good news is that seed propagation of parlor palms is relatively easy. Read on and learn how to plant parlor palm seeds.
Parlor Palm Seed Collection
You may be able to purchase parlor palm seeds online or from a reputable growers, but if you have a blooming parlor palm, seed collection is easy.
Simply gather parlor palm seeds when the fruit is completely ripe, or when it naturally falls from the plant. Collect several seeds because parlor palm seed germination is notoriously unreliable.
Growing a Parlor Palm from Seed
A few tips for the seed propagation of parlor palms will have you well on your way to starting a new generation of these beautiful plants.
First, remove fruit tissue and pulp, then rinse the seeds thoroughly. Wear gloves because the pulp can be irritating. Soak the cleaned seeds in water for one to seven days. Change the water daily. The seed should be planted immediately after soaking.
Before planting, file or nick the hard outer seed covering. Plant the seed in a small pot filled with well-drained potting mix, such as a 50-50 mix of peat moss and perlite. Be sure the seed is covered with potting mix so it doesn’t dry out.
Place the pot in a warm area, as parlor palm seeds germinate best between 85 and 95 F. (29-32 C.). A heat mat is the best way to maintain the proper heat. Place the pot in shade or partial sunlight, but protect it from intense light. In their natural environment, palms grow under forest canopies.
Water as needed to keep the soil evenly moist, but not soggy. If necessary, cover the pot loosely with plastic. Parlor palm seed germination may require several months.
Transplant the seedling to a larger pot after one or two leaves appear. Be careful not to plant too deeply.