You might have heard of the ZZ plant and possibly already bought one to live in your home. If you’re slightly out of the houseplant loop, you may ask what is the ZZ plant?
Zamioculcas zamiifolia is a shade-loving succulent type plant that grows from rhizomes. While it’s been on the market for a number of years, it recently gained in popularity, with more houseplant lovers now having an increased interest in propagating ZZ plants.
ZZ Plant Propagation
Most gardeners learn that plants growing from rhizomes are hardy, vigorous, and easy to multiply. The ZZ plant is no exception. ZZ plant growing methods are varied and diverse, meaning you may propagate the plant in whatever way you desire and likely have success.
A university study found the best result came from apical leaf cuttings, taking the top part of a stem with leaves and rooting it in soil. If you wish to take the entire stem, you may also root the bottom half, a basal cutting, with good success.
Place cuttings in a filtered light situation with nighttime darkness. As new rhizomes grow, the plant will grow also and can be moved into a larger container.
How to Propagate ZZ Plants
There are several other ways of propagating ZZ plants. If your plant is overcrowded, division is appropriate. Remove it from the container and cut the root system in half. Loosen roots and repot into two containers. The rhizomes will happily grow in the available space of new soil.
Full-leaf cuttings developed at least three rhizomes during the trials. You may grow new plants from dropped leaves or those you remove for that purpose. Take the entire leaf. Lay it on moist, gritty soil and place the container in the same filtered light situation.
Leaf cuttings take longer for a plant to develop, but most eventually mature. Rhizomes are a trusty source of new plant material.