The debate over moonflower vs. Datura can get pretty confusing. Some plants, like Datura, have a number of common names and those names often overlap. Datura is sometimes called moonflower, but there is another type of plant that also goes by the name moonflower. They look similar but one is much more poisonous, so it’s worth it to know the difference.
Is Moonflower a Datura?
Datura (Datura stramonium) is a type of plant that belongs to the Solanaceae family. There are several species of Datura with many common names including moonflower, devil’s trumpet, devil’s weed, loco weed, and jimsonweed.
The common name moonflower also is used for another plant. This one is known as moonflower vine, which helps to distinguish it from Datura. Moonflower vine (Ipomoea alba) is related to morning glory. Ipomoea is toxic and has some hallucinogenic properties, but Datura is much more toxic and can even be deadly.
How to Tell Ipomoea from Datura
Datura and moonflower vine get confused very often because of the common name, and they look very similar to one another. Both produce flowers that are trumpet shaped, but Datura grows lower to the ground while moonflower grows as a climbing vine. Here are some other differences:
- Flowers on either plant can be white to lavender.
- Datura flowers can bloom any time of day, while ipomoea flowers open up at dusk and bloom during the night; one reason they are called moonflowers.
- Datura has an unpleasant smell, while moonflower vine has sweet-scented blooms.
- Datura leaves are arrow-shaped; moonflower leaves are heart-shaped.
- Datura flowers are deeper trumpets than moonflower blooms.
- The seeds of Datura are covered in spiky burrs.
Knowing the differences and how to tell Ipomoea from Datura is important because of their toxicity. Ipomoea produces seeds that have a mild hallucinogenic effect but is otherwise safe. Every part of the Datura plant is toxic and can be deadly to animals and humans if consumed in large amounts.
Gardening tips, videos, info and more delivered right to your inbox!
Sign up for the Gardening Know How newsletter today and receive a free download of our most popular eBook "How to Grow Delicious Tomatoes."
Mary Ellen Ellis has been gardening for over 20 years. With degrees in Chemistry and Biology, Mary Ellen's specialties are flowers, native plants, and herbs.
15 Garden Trends To Avoid in 2024: Experts Warn Against These Outdated Designs
Garden trends come and go. We asked gardening experts to share the outdated trends that should be retired – and what you can do instead.
By Melanie Griffiths Last updated
How To Overwinter Ollas For Years Of Use: Get More From Irrigation Pots
If you overwinter ollas properly, you'll keep these unique watering pots from cracking. Here's how to protect them in erratic winter temperatures so they last longer.
By Mary Ellen Ellis Published
How To Propagate Datura: Learn About Datura Plant Propagation
Most gardeners who try growing datura plants quickly realize they can use more in their gardens. In this article, we will discuss how to propagate datura plants. Click here for datura plant propagation tips and techniques.
By Darcy Larum Last updated
About Datura Plants - Learn How To Grow Datura Trumpet Flower
Datura, or trumpet flower, is one of those "ooh and ahh" plants. What is Datura? It is an herbaceous perennial or annual with a deadly reputation as an ingredient in poisons and love potions. Read here to learn more.
By Bonnie L. Grant Last updated