If you grow herbs and other edible plants indoors, you already know that indoor plants aren’t impervious to aphids, spider mites, white flies, mealy bugs and other pests. The bugs can do serious damage to your plants, but the last thing you want is to spray toxic chemicals inside your home.
You can buy “safe” plant pesticides at any garden center, but when you make your own indoor garden pesticides, you know exactly what substances go into the mix.
Here are four easy insecticides for indoors. All these indoor garden pesticides can be tweaked to suit your needs, so don’t be afraid to do a bit of experimentation. If you aren’t sure how a plant will react, treat a couple of leaves and wait a couple of days before spraying the entire plant.
Indoor Pesticides for Edible Plants
Here are some tips on making safe plant pesticides:
Garlic spray: Puree about 15 garlic cloves with 2 cups (475 ml.) water. Let the mixture sit overnight, then strain it through cheesecloth or a paper coffee filter into a quart jar. Add a few drops of mild liquid soap and vegetable oil. You can also add about 1 teaspoon (5 ml.) of cayenne pepper, black pepper, or chili pepper. Pour the mixture into a spray bottle and spray your indoor edible plants every few days until pests are under control.
Soap spray: Use a gentle liquid soap, such as castille, as strong soap can burn plant leaves. Mix 2 teaspoons (10 ml.) of the soap with 2 cups (475 ml.) water and pour the solution into a spray bottle. You can also add a few drops of vegetable oil, which helps the spray adhere to the leaves.
Pepper spray: Puree a small handful of fresh chili peppers with about a cup (250 ml.) of water. Bring the mixture to a boil, then let it cool. Strain the cooled mixture into a spray bottle, then add several drops of mild liquid soap. You can also make pepper spray with 1 tablespoon (15 ml.) of chili powder, 1 quart (1 L.) of water, and several drops of mild liquid soap.
Essential oil: Certain essential oils make great pesticides for indoor plants. For instance, try rosemary, mint, thyme, basil, sage, eucalyptus, or lavender. Fill a spray bottle with water and mix in a few drops of essential oil.