Growing caraway from seed isn’t difficult, and you’ll enjoy the appearance of the lacy leaves and clusters of tiny white flowers. Once the plant is mature, you can use leaves and seeds of caraway in a variety of flavorful dishes. Are you interested in sowing caraway seeds in your garden? Let’s learn how to plant caraway seeds.
When to Grow Caraway Seeds
Although you can start seeds indoors, sowing caraway seeds directly in the garden is generally best because the plant’s long taproot makes it difficult to transplant. If you decide to start seeds indoors, transplant the seedlings when they’re small and the taproots aren’t well developed.
Ideally, sow seeds directly in the garden in autumn, or as early as the ground can be worked in spring.
How to Plant Caraway Seeds
Caraway thrives in full sunlight and rich, well-drained soil. Work a generous amount of manure or compost into the soil before sowing caraway seeds. Plant seeds in the prepared soil, then cover them with about ½ inch (1 cm.) of soil.
Water as needed to keep the soil uniformly moist, but never soggy. Caraway seeds tend to be slow to germinate, but seedlings generally appear in 8 to 12 days.
Surround the seedlings with a light layer of mulch to keep the soil moist. Thin seedlings to a distance of about 6 to 8 inches (15-20 cm.).
Decrease watering once the caraway plants are established. At this point, it’s good to let the soil dry out between waterings. Water in the morning using a soaker hose or drip irrigation to keep the foliage as dry as possible.
Remove small weeds as they appear, as these can draw moisture and nutrients from the caraway plants.
Fertilize caraway plants a couple of times during the growing season using a general purpose, water-soluble fertilizer. Alternatively, side-dress the plants with compost about halfway through the season.