Plant Spacing Guide – Information On Proper Vegetable Garden Spacing

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Orange Ruler In Soil Of Container With Several Tiny Sprouts
Image by Chelnok

When planting vegetables, spacing can be a confusing topic. So many different kinds of vegetables need different spacing; it’s hard to remember how much space goes between each plant.

In order to make this easier, we have put together this handy plant spacing chart to help you. Use this vegetable plant spacing guide to help you plan how best to place vegetables in your garden.

To use this chart, simply find the vegetable you plan on putting into your garden and follow the suggested spacing for between the plants and between the rows. If you plan on using a rectangular bed layout rather than a traditional row layout, use the upper end of each between the plant spacing for your chosen vegetable.

This spacing chart is not intended to to be used with square foot gardening, as this kind of gardening is more intensive.

Plant Spacing Guide

Alfalfa

Spacing Between Plants: 6-12″ (15-30 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 35-40″ (90-100 cm)

Amaranth

Spacing Between Plants: 1-2″ (2.5-5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 1-2″ (2.5-5 cm)

Artichokes

Spacing Between Plants: 18″ (45 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 24-36″ (60-90 cm)

Asparagus

Spacing Between Plants: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 60″ (150 cm)

Beans – Bush

Spacing Between Plants: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Beans – Pole

Spacing Between Plants: 4-6″ (10-15 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 30-36″ (75-90 cm)

Beets

Spacing Between Plants: 3-4″ (7.5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Black Eyed Peas

Spacing Between Plants: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 30-36″ (75-90 cm)

Bok Choy

Spacing Between Plants: 6-12″ (15-30 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18- 30″ (45-75 cm)

Broccoli

Spacing Between Plants: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-40″ (75-100 cm)

Broccoli Rabe

Spacing Between Plants: 1-3″ (2.5-7.5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-36″ (45-90 cm)

Brussels Sprouts

Spacing Between Plants: 24″ (60 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 24-36″ (60-90 cm)

Cabbage

Spacing Between Plants: 9-12″ (23-30 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-44″ (90-112 cm)

Carrots

Spacing Between Plants: 1-2″ (2.5-5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Cassava

Spacing Between Plants: 40″ (1 m)

Spacing Between Rows: 40″ (1 m)

Cauliflower

Spacing Between Plants: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Celery

Spacing Between Plants: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 24″ (60 cm)

Chaya

Spacing Between Plants: 25″ (64 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36″ (90 cm)

Chinese Kale

Spacing Between Plants: 12-24″ (30-60 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-30″ (45-75 cm)

Corn

Spacing Between Plants: 10-15″ (25-38 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-42″ (90-106 cm)

Cress

Spacing Between Plants: 1-2″ (2.5-5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 3-6″ (7.5-15 cm)

Cucumbers – Ground

Spacing Between Plants: 8-10″ (20-25 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 60″ (1.5 m)

Cucumbers – Trellis

Spacing Between Plants: 2-3″ (5-7.5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 30″ (75 cm)

Eggplants

Spacing Between Plants: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 30-36″ (75-91 cm)

Fennel Bulb

Spacing Between Plants: 12-24″ (30-60 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-24″ (30-60 cm)

Gourds – Extra Large (30+ lbs fruit)

Spacing Between Plants: 60-72″ (1.5-1.8 m)

Spacing Between Rows: 120-144″ (3-3.6 m)

Gourds – Large (15 – 30 lbs fruit)

Spacing Between Plants: 40-48″ (1-1.2 m)

Spacing Between Rows: 90-108″ (2.2-2.7 m)

Gourds – Medium (8 – 15 lbs fruit)

Spacing Between Plants: 36- 48″ (90-120 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 72-90″ (1.8-2.3 m)

Gourds – Small (under 8 lbs)

Spacing Between Plants: 20-24″ (50-60 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 60-72″ (1.5-1.8 m)

Greens – Mature harvest

Spacing Between Plants: 10″ – 18″ (25-45 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36″ – 42″ (90-106 cm)

Greens – Baby green harvest

Spacing Between Plants: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Hops

Spacing Between Plants: 36-48″ (90-120 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 96″ (2.4 m)

Jerusalem Artichoke

Spacing Between Plants: 18-36″ (45-90 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-36″ (45-90 cm)

Jicama

Spacing Between Plants: 12″ (30 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12″ (30 cm)

Kale

Spacing Between Plants: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 24″ (60 cm)

Kohlrabi

Spacing Between Plants: 6″ (15 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12″ (30 cm)

Leeks

Spacing Between Plants: 4-6″ (10-15 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 8-16″ (20-40 cm)

Lentils

Spacing Between Plants: 0.5-1″ (1-2.5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 6-12″ (15-30 cm)

Lettuce – Head

Spacing Between Plants: 12″ (30 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12″ (30 cm)

Lettuce – Leaf

Spacing Between Plants: 1-3″ (2.5-7.5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 1-3″ (2.5-7.5 cm)

Mache Greens

Spacing Between Plants: 2″ (5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 2″ (5 cm)

Okra

Spacing Between Plants: 12-15″ (18-38 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-42″ (90-106 cm)

Onions

Spacing Between Plants: 4-6″ (10-15 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 4-6″ (10-15 cm)

Parsnips

Spacing Between Plants: 8-10″ (20-25 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Peanuts – Bunch

Spacing Between Plants: 6-8″ (15-20 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 24″ (60 cm)

Peanuts – Runner

Spacing Between Plants: 6-8″ (15-20 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36″ (90 cm)

Peas

Spacing Between Plants: 1-2″ (2.5- 5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Peppers

Spacing Between Plants: 14-18″ (35-45 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-24″ (45-60 cm)

Pigeon Peas

Spacing Between Plants: 3-5″ (7.5-13 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 40″ (1 m)

Potatoes

Spacing Between Plants: 8-12″ (20-30 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 30-36″ (75-90 cm)

Pumpkins

Spacing Between Plants: 60-72″ (1.5-1.8 m)

Spacing Between Rows: 120-180″ (3-4.5 m)

Radicchio

Spacing Between Plants: 8-10″ (20-25 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12″ (30 cm)

Radishes

Spacing Between Plants: 0.5-4″ (1-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Rhubarb

Spacing Between Plants: 36-48″ (90-120 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-48″ (90-120 cm)

Rutabagas

Spacing Between Plants: 6-8″ (15-20 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 14-18″ (34-45 cm)

Salsify

Spacing Between Plants: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 18-20″ (45-50 cm)

Shallots

Spacing Between Plants: 6-8″ (15-20 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 6-8″ (15-20 cm)

Soybeans (Edamame)

Spacing Between Plants: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 24″ (60 cm)

Spinach – Mature Leaf

Spacing Between Plants: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Spinach – Baby Leaf

Spacing Between Plants: 0.5-1″ (1-2.5 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Squash – Summer

Spacing Between Plants: 18-28″ (45-70 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-48″ (90-120 cm)

Squash – Winter

Spacing Between Plants: 24-36″ (60-90 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 60-72″ (1.5-1.8 m)

Sweet Potatoes

Spacing Between Plants: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-48″ (90-120 cm)

Swiss Chard

Spacing Between Plants: 6-12″ (15-30 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Tomatillos

Spacing Between Plants: 24-36″ (60-90 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-72″ (90-180 cm)

Tomatoes

Spacing Between Plants: 24-36″ (60-90 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 48-60″ (90-150 cm)

Turnips

Spacing Between Plants: 2-4″ (5-10 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 12-18″ (30-45 cm)

Zucchini

Spacing Between Plants: 24-36″ (60-90 cm)

Spacing Between Rows: 36-48″ (90-120 cm)

We hope this plant spacing chart will make things easier for you while you figure out your vegetable garden spacing. Learning how much space needs to be between each plant results in healthier plants and a better yield.

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