Plant Spacing Guide – Information On Proper Vegetable Garden Spacing

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Orange Ruler In Soil Of Container With Several Tiny Sprouts
Image by Chelnok

When planting vegetables, spacing can be a confusing topic. So many different kinds of vegetables need different spacing; it’s hard to remember how much space goes between each plant.

In order to make this easier, we have put together this handy plant spacing chart to help you. Use this vegetable plant spacing guide to help you plan how best to place vegetables in your garden.

To use this chart, simply find the vegetable you plan on putting into your garden and follow the suggested spacing for between the plants and between the rows. If you plan on using a rectangular bed layout rather than a traditional row layout, use the upper end of each between the plant spacing for your chosen vegetable.

This spacing chart is not intended to to be used with square foot gardening, as this kind of gardening is more intensive.

Plant Spacing Guide

Vegetable Spacing Between Plants Spacing Between Rows  
Alfalfa 6″-12″ (15-30 cm.) 35″-40″ (90-100 cm.)
Amaranth 1″-2″ (2.5-5 cm.) 1″-2″ (2.5-5 cm.)
Artichokes 18″ (45 cm.) 24″-36″ (60-90 cm.)
Asparagus 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.) 60″ (150 cm.)
Beans – Bush 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.) 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.)
Beans – Pole 4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm.) 30″ – 36″ (75-90 cm.)
Beets 3″ – 4″ (7.5-10 cm.) 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.)
Black Eyed Peas 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.) 30″ – 36″ (75-90 cm.)
Bok Choy 6″ – 12″ (15-30 cm.) 18″ – 30″ (45-75 cm.)
Broccoli 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.) 36″ – 40″ (75-100 cm.)
Broccoli Rabe 1″ – 3″ (2.5-7.5 cm.) 18″ – 36″ (45-90 cm.)
Brussels Sprouts 24″ (60 cm.) 24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm.)
Cabbage 9″ – 12″ (23-30 cm.) 36″ – 44″ (90-112 cm.)
Carrots 1″ – 2″ (2.5-5 cm.) 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.)
Cassava 40″ (1 m.) 40″ (1 m.)
Cauliflower 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.) 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.)
Celery 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.) 24″ (60 cm.)
Chaya 25″ (64 cm.) 36″ (90 cm.)
Chinese Kale 12″ – 24″ (30-60 cm.) 18″ – 30″ (45-75 cm.)
Corn 10″ – 15″ (25-38 cm.) 36″ – 42″ (90-106 cm.)
Cress 1″ – 2″ (2.5-5 cm.) 3″ – 6″ (7.5-15 cm.)
Cucumbers – Ground 8″ – 10″ (20-25 cm.) 60″ (1.5 m.)
Cucumbers – Trellis 2″ – 3″ (5-7.5 cm.) 30″ (75 cm.)
Eggplants 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.) 30″ – 36″ (75-91 cm.)
Fennel Bulb 12″ – 24″ (30-60 cm.) 12″ – 24″ (30-60 cm.)
Gourds – Extra Large (30+ lbs fruit) 60″ – 72″ (1.5-1.8 m.) 120″ – 144″ (3-3.6 m.)
Gourds – Large (15 – 30 lbs fruit) 40″ – 48″ (1-1.2 m.) 90″ – 108″ (2.2-2.7 m.)
Gourds – Medium (8 – 15 lbs fruit) 36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm.) 72″ – 90″ (1.8-2.3 m.)
Gourds – Small (under 8 lbs) 20″ – 24″ (50-60 cm.) 60″ – 72″ (1.5-1.8 m.)
Greens – Mature harvest 10″ – 18″ (25-45 cm.) 36″ – 42″ (90-106 cm.)
Greens – Baby green harvest 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.) 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.)
Hops 36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm.) 96″ (2.4 m.)
Jerusalem Artichoke 18″ – 36″ (45-90 cm.) 18″ – 36″ (45-90 cm.)
Jicama 12″ (30 cm.) 12″ (30 cm.)
Kale 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm. ) 24″ (60 cm.)
Kohlrabi 6″ (15 cm.) 12″ (30 cm. )
Leeks 4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm.) 8″ – 16″ (20-40 cm.)
Lentils .5″ – 1″ (1-2.5 cm.) 6″ – 12″ (15-30 cm.)
Lettuce – Head 12″ (30 cm. ) 12″ (30 cm. )
Lettuce – Leaf 1″ – 3″ (2.5-7.5 cm.) 1″ – 3″ (2.5-7.5 cm.)
Mache Greens 2″ (5 cm. ) 2″ (5 cm. )
Okra 12″ – 15″ (18-38 cm.) 36″ – 42″ (90-106 cm.)
Onions 4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm.)  4″ – 6″ (10-15 cm.) 
Parsnips 8″ – 10″ (20-25 cm.) 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.)
Peanuts – Bunch 6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm.) 24″ (60 cm.)
Peanuts – Runner 6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm.) 36″ (90 cm.)
Peas 1″-2″ (2.5- 5 cm.) 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.)
Peppers 14″ – 18″ (35-45 cm.) 18″ – 24″ (45-60 cm.)
Pigeon Peas 3″ – 5″ (7.5-13 cm.) 40″ (1 m.)
Potatoes 8″ – 12″ (20-30 cm.) 30″ – 36″ (75-90 cm.)
Pumpkins 60″ – 72″ (1.5-1.8 m.) 120″ – 180″ (3-4.5 m.)
Radicchio 8″ – 10″ (20-25 cm.) 12″ (18 cm.)
Radishes .5″ – 4″ (1-10 cm.) 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.)
Rhubarb 36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm.) 36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm.)
Rutabagas 6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm.) 14″ – 18″ (34-45 cm.)
Salsify 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.) 18″ – 20″ (45-50 cm.)
Shallots 6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm.) 6″ – 8″ (15-20 cm.)
Soybeans (Edamame) 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.) 24″ (60 cm.)
Spinach – Mature Leaf 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.) 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.)
Spinach – Baby Leaf .5″ – 1″ (1-2.5 cm.) 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.)
Squash – Summer 18″ – 28″ (45-70 cm.) 36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm.)
Squash – Winter 24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm.) 60″ – 72″ (1.5-1.8 m.)
Sweet Potatoes 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.) 36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm.)
Swiss Chard 6″ – 12″ (15-30 cm.) 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.)
Tomatillos 24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm.) 36″ – 72″ (90-180 cm.)
Tomatoes 24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm.) 48″ – 60″ (90-150 cm.)
Turnips 2″ – 4″ (5-10 cm.) 12″ – 18″ (30-45 cm.)
Zucchini 24″ – 36″ (60-90 cm.) 36″ – 48″ (90-120 cm.)

We hope this plant spacing chart will make things easier for you while you figure out your vegetable garden spacing. Learning how much space needs to be between each plant results in healthier plants and a better yield.

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