What is a ficus ginseng tree? It is native to south and eastern Asian countries. It is in the Ficus genus but has a chubby trunk, which is similar to ginseng roots – hence this common name. Keep reading for more ficus ginseng tree info.
What is a Ficus Ginseng Tree?
A quick scan of ficus ginseng tree info reveals that its botanical name is Ficus microcarpa. The tree is the result of a graft where the rootstock is developed into the characteristic “potbelly” trunk, and a scion of a variety of small-leaved ficus is grafted to the top.
The tree is also known as a potbelly fig as well as Taiwan ficus, Indian laurel fig, or banyan fig. Ficus trees grow very quickly and make excellent indoor plants. They have white, milky sap and they can be poisonous to cats or dogs who like to graze. The trunks of these trees are interesting with smooth, gray bark marked with tiger stripes and sometimes vertical aerial roots.
Ficus Ginseng Care
This is a tropical tree, so it needs to be indoors where temperatures are 60 to 75 Fahrenheit (15-25 C.), or outside of its 9-11 growing zones. In fact, ficus ginseng is often recommended for beginning bonsai growers. This is because it is such an easy tree to grow.
The tree needs plenty of bright light but it should be indirect. Avoid the southern exposure where the sun may burn leaves. Outdoors, the tree requires sun to shady conditions.
Select the perfect spot for this tree and then try not to move it. Ficus are notoriously cranky when moved. It does, however, appreciate repotting every 2 to 3 years. Avoid placing the tree in any area where there are drafts or near heat, as one will freeze the tree and the other will dry out the soil.
Wipe the leaves when they get dusty and water only when the surface of the soil is dry to the touch. This plant prefers high humidity, if possible, which will encourage it to produce more aerial roots. Either mist the leaves frequently or place the pot on top of pebbles in a saucer of water.
Since the tree grows fairly quickly, an occasional ficus tree pruning now and then will help maintain an adequate indoor size, especially when grown as a bonsai plant. As with any pruning, use clean, sharp tools.