Freesias are beautiful, fragrant flowering plants that have a well-deserved place in plenty of gardens. What could be better than one freesia plant? Lots of freesia plants, of course! Keep reading to learn more about how to propagate a freesia.
Freesia Propagation Methods
There are two main methods of propagating freesias: by seed and by corm division. Both have high success rates, so it’s really up to you and how you want to go about things. Freesias grown from seed usually take 8 to 12 months to bloom, while plants grown from divided corms will take a few years.
Propagating Freesias from Seed
Freesias are hardy in USDA zones 9 and 10. If you live in one of these zones, you can sow your seeds directly in the soil in the spring. If you want to start them indoors first, plant them in the fall and plant out seedlings in the spring. If you live in a cooler climate, you’ll want to plant your freesias in containers that can be brought indoors in the winter.
Container grown freesias can be planted at any time of the year. Soak your freesia seeds in water for 24 hours before planting. Plant them ½ inch (1 cm.) deep in light, moist soil. The seeds may take several months to germinate.
Dividing Freesia Plants
The other main method of freesia propagation is corm division. Freesias grow from corms, which are similar to bulbs. If you dig up a freesia corm, it should have smaller corms attached to the bottom of it. These are called cormels, and each can be grown into its own new freesia plant.
Plant the cormels ½ inch (1 cm.) deep in moist potting soil. They should produce foliage in the first year, but it will probably be three to four years before they flower.