Chrysanthemums are a fall favorite, growing in combination with asters, pumpkins and decorative winter squash, often displayed on bales of hay. Healthy plants fully flower and remain beautiful for several weeks with minimal care…unless the plants are hit by foliar nematodes (Aphelenchoides ritzema-bosi).
Foliar Nematodes on Chrysanthemum
What are foliar nematodes? They are tiny, unsegmented roundworms that swim in a film of water, according to pest information. Lesions appear and bottom leaves turn yellow and brownish, dropping when infected.
Chrysanthemum foliar nematodes move up the stem, to higher leaves and the process continues. If you see this issue occurring on your mums, remove bottom leaves that are dying and avoid overhead watering.
Treat healthy leaves that remain with a spray of insecticidal soap
Treating Foliar Nematodes on Mums
It is prudent to begin foliar nematode treatment before damage appears. Check new plants when you bring them onto your property and seclude them for a few days, away from your other plants. This is a good practice for all new plants and a good way to avoid pest and disease infestations among your existing plants.
Also, avoid all overhead watering of plants and water at the roots when you can. Allow space between plants for air circulation, also necessary to keep plants healthy.
If your plants already show symptoms of foliar nematodes on chrysanthemums, follow the tips above. When spraying with insecticidal soap, make sure the sun is not shining on the plant. You may also treat with neem oil.
If you use a greenhouse for overwintering plants, keep in mind that these nematodes may live on weeds growing there. Foliar nematodes infect more than 200 different plant varieties.
Once you put these tips into practice, you’ll have healthy, long blooming mums for your autumn display. Your other plants may benefit, too.