Evergreen dogwoods are beautiful, tall trees grown for their fragrant flowers and remarkable fruit. Keep reading to learn more Cornus capitata information, including tips on evergreen dogwood care and how to grow an evergreen dogwood tree.
Cornus Capitata Information
Evergreen dogwood trees (Cornus capitata) are hardy down to USDA zone 8. They are native to east and southeast Asia but can be grown in warm climates all over the world. They can grow as high as 50 feet (15 m.) in height, though they tend to top out between 20 and 40 feet (6-12 m.). In the summer, they produce very fragrant flowers, which are very small and surrounded by four to six bracts that are often mistaken for petals. The bracts come in shades of white, yellow, and pink. These flowers give way to very distinctive fruits that are actually dozens of tiny fruits fused together. These fruits are pink to red, about an inch in diameter (2.5 cm.), and round but bumpy. They are edible and sweet, but they can cause a litter problem if the tree is planted near a walkway. The leaves are dark and evergreen, though they are sometimes known to turn red to purple and partially drop in autumn.
How to Grow an Evergreen Dogwood Tree
Like many dogwood varieties, evergreen dogwood trees can thrive in both sun and shade. They do best in moist, clay or loam soil. They prefer acidity, but they can tolerate light alkalinity. They need a lot of water. The trees are monoecious, which means they can self-pollinate. It’s important to bear in mind, however, that they will not flower for eight to ten years if they are grown from seed. It’s best to start the trees from cuttings if you want to see flowers or fruit within the decade.
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The only child of a horticulturist and an English teacher, Liz Baessler was destined to become a gardening editor. She has been with Gardening Know how since 2015, and a Senior Editor since 2020. She holds a BA in English from Brandeis University and an MA in English from the University of Geneva, Switzerland. After years of gardening in containers and community garden plots, she finally has a backyard of her own, which she is systematically filling with vegetables and flowers.
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