In the days of old England, many of the workers in small villages were called peasants and they owned small houses with very small gardens. These gardens, known as English cottage gardens, would have to supply the family with all of their gardening needs. The kitchen garden would consist of vegetables and mixed fruits. In amongst this array of produce, they would also grow flowers. Keep reading for more information on how to plant a basic English cottage garden.
Cottage Garden Info
Cottage gardens are similar to Colonial gardens and are designed much the same way using many of the same types of plants. The most popular flowers found within an English cottage garden would be:
With their mystical charm and abundance of scents, English cottage gardens exhibited a style that evolved through the necessity of the times. Many families would have gone hungry if they had not had the benefit of home-grown produce.
Unlike the peasant gardens, the gardens of the landowners, or gentry, were very formal with square hedges of boxwood, straight lines, stone paths, and many with wonderful statues depicting the gods of ancient times. They would also have fountains with water flowing into a lake or pond. They were considered by some to be classic with their order and discipline.
When the more romantic influence came into being, plants were considered to affect us emotionally, and the cottage garden was born out of this movement. One of the most famous cottage gardens was designed by the French impressionist painter Claude Monet. The cottage gardens, with their abundance of roses growing over fences and their vine-covered arbors with flowers climbing towards the sun, are now commonly emulated in the North.
Creating an English Cottage Garden
Their informal style of tall, wonderful perennials battling it out for space in the back of the borders, creating a profusion of textures and substance, and the smaller plants in the front of the borders determined to lift their heads to the sun, not to be outdone by their taller cousins, all create a palette of color that would be very hard to outdo. The other advantage to having this kind of garden is that it reduces the amount of weeds that grow, as the branching out of the plants hides the sun from getting through to the ground and, therefore, snuffs out the chances of weeds germinating.
To create a cottage garden, don’t be afraid to plant seeds close together, as this creates the effect you are looking for. Go for a variety of shapes. Plant feathery plants amidst spiky ones; use bold leaf plants with delicate ones. Put a sprawling plant next to an upright one. The best rule of thumb is to plant tall at the back and short in the front of your borders.
In most cases, try to plant in odd numbers of three, five, etc. and in very large borders, try groupings of up to seven or nine of the same plant. This method gives depth and structure to your borders. Also, keep foliage in mind. Some gardeners say that foliage is more important than blooms, but the sight of colored blossoms nodding in the breeze and turning their faces up to the sun can be more satisfying.
In the end, it all comes down to personal taste, but whether you like straight-line gardening, formal gardening, or cottage gardening, get your hands dirty and have fun!