I love fresh ground pepper, especially the mélange of white, red, and black corns which have a slightly different nuance than just plain black peppercorns. This mix can be pricey, so the thought is, can you grow black pepper plants? Let’s find out.
Black Pepper Information
Yes, growing black pepper is possible and here’s a little more black pepper information which will make it even more worthy beyond saving a couple of dollars.
Peppercorns have a good reason for costing dearly; they have been traded between East and West for centuries, were known to the ancient Greeks and Romans, and served as currency in some European countries. This prized spice stimulates salivation and the production of gastric juices and is a revered food flavoring throughout the world.
Piper nigrum, or peppercorn plant, is a tropical plant cultivated for its black, white and red peppercorns. The three colors of peppercorn are simply different stages of the same peppercorn. Black peppercorns are the dried immature fruit or drupes of the peppercorn plant while white pepper is made from the inner portion of the mature fruit.
How to Grow Peppercorns
Black pepper plants are actually vines most often propagated through vegetative cuttings and interspersed among shade crop trees, such as coffee. Conditions for growing black pepper plants require high temps, heavy and frequent rainfall, and well-draining soil, all of which are met in the countries of India, Indonesia, and Brazil — the greatest commercial exporters of peppercorns.
So, the question is how to grow peppercorns for the home environment. These warm loving plants will stop growing when temps drop below 65 F. (18 C.) and do not tolerate frost; as such, they make great container plants. Situate in full sun with 50 percent or greater humidity, or inside the house or greenhouse if your region does not fit these criteria.
Feed the plant moderately with a 10-10-10 fertilizer in the amount of ¼ teaspoon (5 mL.) per gallon (4 L.) of water every one to two weeks, excluding winter months when feeding should cease.
Water thoroughly and consistently. Do not allow to dry out too much or overwater since peppercorn plants are susceptible to root rot.
To stimulate peppercorn production, keep the plant under bright light and warm — above 65 F. (18 C.). Be patient. Peppercorn plants are slow-growing and it will take a couple of years before they produce flowers that lead to peppercorns.