A member of the buttercup family, anemone, often known as windflower, is a diverse group of plants available in a range of sizes, forms, and colors. Read on to learn more about tuberous and non-tuberous types of anemone plants.
Varieties of Anemones
Different types of anemone flowers include perennial, non-tuberous plants that grow from fibrous roots and tuberous anemone varieties that are planted in the fall, often alongside tulips, daffodils, or other spring-blooming bulbs.
Meadow anemone – An American native that produces small, white center flowers in groups of two and three. Meadow anemone blooms profusely in spring and early summer. Mature height is 12 to 24 inches (31-61 cm.).
Japanese (hybrid) anemone – This graceful plant displays dark green, fuzzy leaves and single or semi-double, cup-shaped blooms in shades of pink, white, or rose, depending on the variety. Mature height of Japanese anemone is 2 to 4 feet (61 cm. to 1 m.).
Wood anemone – This European native produces attractive, deeply lobed leaves and small, white (occasionally pale pink or blue), star-shaped blooms in springtime. The mature height of wood anemone is about 12 inches (31 cm.).
Snowdrop anemone – Another European native, this one producing white, yellow centered blooms measuring 1 ½ to 3 inches (4-8 cm.) across. The sweet-smelling blooms may be double or larger, depending on the variety. Mature height is 12 to 18 inches (31-46 cm.).
Blue windflower – Native to northern California and the Pacific Northwest, the blue windflower is a low-growing plant with small, white, springtime blooms (occasionally pink or blue).
Grapeleaf anemone – This anemone variety produces grape-like foliage. Silvery pink flowers decorate the plant in late summer and early autumn. The mature height of the tall plant is about 3 ½ feet (1 m.).
Tuberous Anemone Varieties
Grecian windflower – This tuberous anemone displays a thick mat of fuzzy leaves. Grecian windflower is available in shades of sky blue, pink, white, or reddish purple, depending on the variety. Mature height is 10 to 12 inches (25-31 cm.).
Poppy-flowered anemone – Poppy-flowered anemone produces small, single or double flowers in various shades of blue, red, and white. Mature height is 6 to 18 inches (15-46 cm.).
Scarlet windflower – As the name suggests, scarlet windflowers display brilliant, scarlet blooms with contrasting black stamens. Bloom time is springtime. Other varieties of anemones come in shades of rust and pink. The mature height is about 12 inches (31 cm.).
Chinese anemone – This variety comes in various cultivars, including both single and semi-double forms and colors ranging from pink to deep rose. The mature height is 2 to 3 feet (61-91 cm.).