Foxglove Care: Beginner’s Guide To Growing Foxglove
First, and perhaps most importantly: Is foxglove poisonous? Though they are beautiful, foxglove flowers are known for their immense toxicity. All parts of the plant, including foxglove leaves, contain cardiac glycosides. When ingested; these compounds cause a wide range of symptoms, each with great severity. Irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, and collapse are most common and, ultimately, result in death.
Foxglove should be planted with caution, paying special attention to the safety of children and pets that may frequent the garden. Within ornamental beds, contact with the plant’s leaves may also be of concern, as they are known to irritate the skin in sensitive individuals.
Basic Foxglove Care
Many consider foxglove to be an easy-to-grow addition to the landscape. Provided that their ideal conditions for growth are met and planting beds are kept free of weeds, you can expect foxglove plants to begin blooming in early summer of their second growing season. Especially large plants may benefit from stakes or horizontal trellis netting to help support the large blooms. Deadheading, pruning, and other garden maintenance tasks may also be necessary after they’ve ended flowering, which encourages the plant’s return in the coming seasons.
Soil & Fertilizer Needs
Foxglove plants are well-adapted to a wide range of soil types, but they grow best in soil that’s slightly acidic. A soil test at the beginning of the growing season helps to better determine whether or not the addition of amendments are needed in garden beds. Planting sites with good drainage are ideal.
Provided the soil is nutrient-rich, foxgloves seldom require additional fertilization beyond planting. Some gardeners like to apply a balanced, slow-release feed in early spring before the foxglove’s flower buds have started to form.
Water & Light Requirements
Foxglove plants benefit from weekly irrigation throughout the summer. Soaker hoses or drip irrigation lines, which allow the plant’s root zone to be watered deeply, work well to keep them healthy. Foxgloves perform well under a wide range of lighting conditions, but those that receive full sun will produce the strongest blooms. Foxglove plants benefit from shade throughout the hottest parts of the day which doesn’t have a negative impact on the production of flowers.
How to Grow Foxglove from Seed
Foxglove plants are considered a biennial or short-lived perennial. Biennial plants are those that produce foliage throughout their first growing season, and begin flowering the next. This means that if you plan to grow foxglove from seed you’ll need patience as the plants grow and establish themselves within beds.
Though each seed is quite small, the process itself is relatively easy. Foxglove seeds can be sown indoors in very early spring, or planted outdoors in the fall. Foxglove seedlings will overwinter readily within their hardiness range, only seldom needing additional protection from cold temperatures.
When they’re allowed to produce seed, foxglove plants will volunteer readily. Though you may delight in the plant’s ability to self-seed, some gardeners find this trait to be problematic. Deadheading, or removing faded flowers, is key in preventing the development of seed. Trimming back flower spikes will also help to maintain a tidier appearance within your garden beds, and may even promote the production of additional flowers.
Problems, Pests, & Diseases
Though foxglove plants thrive in consistently moist soils, making sure plants don’t become waterlogged is vital. Oversaturated soils contribute to the development of fungal diseases, such as anthracnose and leaf spot. Root and crown rot may also lead to the loss of flowers that have been planted under less-than-ideal conditions.
Foxglove aphids especially interested in this plant. Like most aphids, these pests feed on, and may even transmit various viruses throughout the garden. Most infestations can be controlled organically, and only seldom lead to the loss of plants.
Following is a short list of some of our favorite foxglove varieties:
Apricot Beauty Foxglove
Camelot Series Foxglove
Dalmation Series Foxglove
Snow Thimble Foxglove
Yellow Spear Foxglove
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