Oleander is a beautiful, warm weather perennial from the Mediterranean that produces large amounts of blossoms throughout the summer. Oleander is often propagated from cuttings, but you can just as easily grow oleander from seeds. It takes longer and is a bit more involved, but oleander seed propagation usually has a very high success rate. Keep reading to learn more about collecting oleander seeds and how to grow oleander from seeds.
Oleander Seed Propagation
After oleander has bloomed, it produces seed pods (collecting oleander seeds is easy, but the plant is toxic and can irritate your skin if you touch it. Make sure to wear gloves when collecting oleander seeds or handling your plant in any way). As time goes on, these seeds should dry and split open naturally, revealing a bunch of fluffy, feathery things.
Attached to these feathers are little brown seeds, which you can separate by rubbing against a piece of screen or simply by picking them out by hand. When planting oleander seeds, it’s important to pay attention to temperature. Oleanders can’t survive outdoors in temperatures below freezing.
If you live in an area that does not experience frost, you can plant your seeds at any time and transplant the seedlings outdoors as soon as they’re big enough. If you do experience frost, you won’t be able to move them outside until after the last danger of frost, so you may want to wait until early spring to plant your seeds.
How to Grow Oleander from Seeds
When planting oleander seeds, fill small pots or a seed tray with peat. Moisten the top couple inches (5 cm.) of the peat, then press the seeds into the top of it – don’t cover the seeds, but do cover the pots with plastic wrap and place them in a warm place (around 68 F. or 20 C.) under grow lights. Spray the peat occasionally to keep it from drying out.
The seeds will be slow to germinate – they often take one month but may take as long as three months. Once the seeds sprout, remove the plastic wrap. When the seedlings have a few sets of true leaves, you can transplant them either to your garden bed (if you live in a warm climate) or a larger pot if you live in a cool climate.