Dalbergia Sissoo Information – Learn About Indian Rosewood Trees

Indian Rosewood Trees
(Image credit: Subas chandra Mahato)

What is Indian rosewood? Yes, it’s that prized cabinet wood used to make fine furniture, but it’s also a very handsome shade tree with a fragrance that will turn your backyard into a sensory delight. If you are thinking of growing an Indian rosewood (Dalbergia sissoo), you’ll need to learn in advance the requirements for Indian rosewood care. Read on for other Dalbergia sissoo information and tips about inviting Indian rosewood trees into your garden.

What is Indian Rosewood?

Before you decide to plant Indian rosewood trees, you might ask: what is Indian rosewood? It’s a tree native to the Indian subcontinent. Its scientific name is Dalbergia sissoo, and it’s rich in common names too, including Dalbergia, Himalaya raintree, and penny leaf tree. Dalbergia sissoo information tells us that rosewoods are attractive deciduous trees growing vigorously to some 60 feet (20 m.) tall and 40 feet (12 m.) wide. They do best in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11 but can also be grown in zone 9 after establishment.

Growing an Indian Rosewood

Why grow an Indian rosewood tree? Many gardeners appreciate the rosewood trees for their powerful fragrance. The trees fill with tiny flowers in the springtime, inconspicuous in appearance but bearing a very strong, sweet fragrance. The flowers are followed by interesting pods; slender, flat, and brown. The wood is prized for making fine furniture.

Indian Rosewood Care

If you start growing an Indian rosewood, you’ll find that the trees are not high maintenance. Indian rosewood care won’t take too much of your time. In fact, Dalbergia sissoo information notes that rosewood trees grow so readily that they are considered invasive in some parts of Florida. Plant Indian rosewood trees in a full sun area or under high shade. These trees tolerate a vast range of soil types, from very dry to very wet. Provide your tree with adequate irrigation when you plant it and keep it up until the roots are well established. Prune the tree into a well-formed, single leader tree. The wood is known to be brittle, so prune out branches with tight branch crotches to prevent them from breaking off down the road and injuring the tree.

Teo Spengler

Teo Spengler has been gardening for 30 years. She is a docent at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. Her passion is trees, 250 of which she has planted on her land in France.