Rome Beauty apples are large, attractive, bright red apples with a refreshing flavor that is both sweet and tangy. The flesh ranges from white to creamy white or pale yellow. Although they taste great straight from the tree, Rome Beauties are particularly well suited for baking because they taste great and hold their shape well. Read on to learn about growing Rome Beauty apple trees.
Rome Beauty Apple Info
Introduced in Ohio in 1816, popular Rome Beauty apple trees are widely grown across North America.
Rome Beauty trees are available in two sizes. Dwarf trees reach mature heights of 8 to 10 feet (2-3 m.), with a similar spread; and semi-dwarf, which reach heights of 12 to 15 feet (3.5-4.5 m.), also with a similar spread.
Although Rome Beauty apple trees are self-pollinating, planting another apple tree in close proximity can increase the size of the harvest. Good pollinators for Rome Beauty include Braeburn, Gala, Honeycrisp, Red Delicious and Fuji.
How to Grow Rome Beauty Apples
Rome Beauty apples are suitable for growing in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. The apple trees need six to eight hours of sunlight per day.
Plant apple trees in moderately rich, well-drained soil. Avoid rocky soil, clay, or fast-draining sand. If your soil is poor, you may be able to improve conditions by digging in generous amounts of compost, shredded leaves, well-rotted mature, or other organic materials. Dig the material to a depth of at least 12 to 18 inches (30-45 cm.).
Water young trees deeply every week to 10 days during warm, dry weather by allowing a hose to drip around the root zone for about 30 minutes. Normal rainfall usually provides enough moisture after the first year. Never overwater. It’s best to keep the soil a little on the dry side.
Feed the apples trees with a good balanced fertilizer when the tree begins bearing fruit, usually after two to four years. Don’t fertilize at planting time. Never fertilize Rome Beauty apple trees after July; feeding trees late in the season produces tender new growth that is susceptible to damage by frost.
Thin excess fruit to ensure healthier, better-tasting fruit. Thinning also prevents breakage caused by the weight of the large apples. Prune apple trees annually after the tree is finished bearing fruit for the year.