Beans are some of the most gratifying vegetables you can have in your garden. They grow vigorously and reach maturity quickly, and they produce new pods all through the growing season. They can fall victim to disease, however, particularly bacterial blight. Keep reading to learn more about bacterial blight of beans and the best methods of bacterial bean blight treatment.
Bacterial Blight of Beans
There are typically two types of bacterial blight affecting bean plants the most – common blight and halo blight.
Common blight in beans is the most prevalent of bacterial bean diseases. Also called common bacterial blight, it shows up in misshapen leaves and pods. The leaves first start to develop small wet lesions that grow in size and dry out, usually becoming over an inch (2.5 cm.) wide, brown, and papery, with a yellow border. These spots usually stretch to the edges of the leaves. The pods develop similar wet patches that then dry and shrivel, and the seeds inside are usually small and malformed.
Common blight is often spread through moisture. The easiest and most effective way to prevent its spread is to avoid coming into contact with your plants while they’re wet. It’s also a good idea to control weeds and pests, like beetles and whiteflies, which are known to spread the bacteria.
Controlling common bacterial blight of beans isn’t always easy. If a plant does become infected, it may be best to remove and destroy it to prevent further spread.
Halo blight is the second of the major bacterial bean diseases. Its symptoms are similar to those of common blight and begin as small wet lesions on the leaves. The lesions will turn red or brown and are surrounded by a much larger yellow ‘halo.’ Unlike with common blight, these lesions stay very small. The pods are affected in much the same way as with common blight.
Prevention and treatment methods are basically the same as well– try to keep foliage dry and don’t touch it when it’s wet. Try not to wound the plants, as this is how the bacteria gets inside. Keep weeds and pests to a minimum. As with treating common blight in beans, destroy affected plants.
Spraying copper-based bactericides should stop the spread of bacteria and is a good preventative measure for containing eventual outbreaks of both types of bacterial blight of beans.