Leeks are a cool season crop, relatively easy to grow in rich soil. They can be planted from seed or transplanted like onions from leek sets. With few pests or disease problems, the major issue when growing leeks may be scrawny looking leeks.
Why Do I have Skinny Leek Plants?
A member of the Allium family and, thus, related to garlic, onion, shallots and scallions, leeks are a hardy biennial that is grown as an annual. Wild leeks were used as a food source as early as 4,000 B.C., the Bronze Age. Long popular in European cuisine and sometimes referred to as the gourmet’s onion or the poor man’s asparagus, leeks have grown in popularity in the United States. While the leaves of leeks are edible, the plant is grown primarily for its stem.
If your leeks are too thin, the most obvious cause is crowding. This will occur when broadcasting seeds or if you plant sets too close together. Since the plant is being grown for the underground stem, it obviously needs some space. You need to thin leeks 6 inches apart to allow enough space between for growth.
Thin leeks in two stages, first when about four weeks old and then again when they are about the size of a pencil. These pencil sized “thinnings” do very well when transplanted. Plant the four to six week old seedlings in beds 6 inches apart in a zigzag pattern; or in a trench, 6-8 inches apart and in rows 16 inches apart. Some gardeners cut the roots back to an inch long and trim the tips of the leaves a bit prior to transplanting. To each his own; I just dug another trench and plunked mine in and they are doing great.
Leeks grow best in moist soil in partial shade in temps around 60 F. (15 C.). They take about 80-120 days to mature depending upon the variety. In mild climates, the plants will overwinter (mulch around the leeks), and in fact, in the ground is a great place to store them.
To produce the thickest, white leek stems, most gardeners blanch the veggies. To blanch leeks, simply build up a hill around the stalks as they develop. It’s best to begin this process by seeding into a trench and then gradually fill it in and continue to mound with soil as the leeks grow.
If you’re planting seedlings, plant them in holes 6 inches deep and 2 inches wide, up to the first leaf notch; only 1 inch of the seedling or transplant needs to be sticking out of the hole. Don’t fill the hole in with soil, but water the plants in and it will gradually fill itself in with soil.
Lastly, to avoid skinny leek plants, keep in mind that leeks are heavy feeders. Plant your leek crop in light, well-drained soil and amend with compost to a depth of 12 inches. Keep the plants moist and apply mulch to the surrounding beds to aid in moisture retention. A dose of compost tea, liquid kelp or fish emulsion will also benefit the leek beds.
Also, rotate the leek crops and don’t plant them immediately after an area of potato harvest, as the soil will be too loose.
Once your leeks are ready to harvest, get the largest ones up first and leave smaller ones in the ground. A couple more weeks in the ground will enable the smaller stem to grow a bit larger.