What does it mean when you hear you should be quarantining new houseplants? The word quarantine comes from the Italian word “quarantina,” which means forty days. By quarantining your new houseplants for 40 days, you minimize the risk of spreading pests and diseases to your other plants.
When to Quarantine Houseplants
There are a few cases where you should keep houseplants separate and quarantine them:
- Anytime you are bringing home a new plant from a nursery
- Anytime you bring your houseplants inside after being outdoors during warm weather
- Anytime you spot pests or disease on your current houseplants
If you separate houseplants by quarantining them, you will save yourself a lot of work and headaches in the future.
How to Quarantine a Houseplant
Before you actually quarantine a plant, you can take some preventative measures to help prevent the spread of pests and disease:
- Thoroughly inspect all parts of the plant, including the undersides of leaves, leaf axils, stems and soil, for any signs of pests or disease.
- Spray your plant down lightly with soapy water or an insecticidal soap.
- Take your plant out of the pot and inspect for any pests, diseases, or anything unusual. Then repot using a sterilized soil.
At this point, you can quarantine your plants. You should place your new plant in a separate room, away from any other plants for a period of about 40 days or so. Make sure that the room you choose does not have plants in it. This will help minimize the spread of pests and disease.
If this is not possible, you can quarantine and separate houseplants by placing them in a plastic bag. Make sure it is a transparent plastic bag and keep it out of direct sun so you don’t cook your plants.
When You are Done Quarantining Your Houseplants
After the quarantine period is over, re-inspect your houseplants as previously described. If you follow this procedure, you will greatly minimize the occurrence of pests like spider mites, mealybugs, thrips, scale, fungus gnats and other pests. You will also have gone a long way to minimize diseases such as powdery mildew and others.
As a last resort, if you do have a pest problem, you can first try safer methods of pest control such as insecticidal soaps and horticultural oil. There are even systemic houseplant insecticides which are harmless to the plant, but will help with pests such as scale and aphids. Gnatrol is a good, safer product for fungus gnats.