Different Types Of Hydrangea – Learn About Common Hydrangea Varieties

Different Types Of Hydrangea – Learn About Common Hydrangea Varieties

By: Teo Spengler
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Many people equate hydrangeas with bigleaf hydrangeas (Hydrangea macrophyllia), those stunning shrubs with rounded inflorescences big as a grapefruit. But there are actually a wide variety of hydrangea plant types that might interest you.

Different hydrangea plants add different accents to your garden, so it makes sense to investigate the types of hydrangea that would grow well in your area. Read on for information about hydrangea varieties and their cultural needs.

Hydrangea Plant Types

Hydrangea varieties offer an expansive range of foliage and flowers, as well as different growth characteristics. If you have a particular hydrangea “look” in mind, don’t think it’s your only choice. These versatile shrubs are found in every size and shape imaginable.

All hydrangeas share some of their most popular characteristics, like ornamental flowers and ample foliage. All are easy maintenance and virtually pest free. Since you can find hydrangeas across the country, there is very likely a hydrangea that would do well in your backyard.

Different Hydrangea Plants

Bigleaf hydrangea – Let’s start with popular bigleaf hydrangea and introduce the two, very different hydrangea plants within this species. Remember that these are the shrubs with flowers that change colors depending on the soil acidity. Everyone knows the mophead hydrangea variety (Hydrangea macrophylla), with its full orbs of blossoms. But there’s a second, very lovely type of bigleaf known as lacecap (Hydrangea macrophylla normalis). The blossom is a flat disk, with a round “cap” of smaller flowers in the center surrounded by a fringe of larger, showier flowers.

But that is just the beginning. Other popular types of hydrangeas include two types that are native to this country: the easy-to-grow smooth hydrangea and stunning oakleaf hydrangea.

Smooth hydrangeaSmooth hydrangea (Hydrangea arborescens) is an understory plant and prefers some shade and lots of moisture. It grows as a rounded shrub and gets to 5 feet (1.5 m.) high and wide, with huge white flower clusters. The top cultivar is ‘Annabelle,’ with flower heads up to 12 inches (30 cm.) across.

Oakleaf hydrangeaOakleaf (Hydrangea quercifolia) is one of the few hydrangea varieties to offer brilliant fall color as the leaves turn to scarlet and burgundy. Its lobed leaves look like extremely large and attractive oak leaves, and the plant grows to 8 feet (2.4 m.) tall. The white flowers are large and abundant, white when they first open into conical flower heads but maturing to a pinky mauve. 

We can’t write about hydrangea varieties without mentioning panicle hydrangea, sometimes called the Pee Gee hydrangea or tree hydrangea.

Panicle hydrangea – This shrub or small tree is tall, growing to 20 feet (6 m.) high and wide. It wows with showy pyramidal panicles of white flowers. Of all the different hydrangea plants, panicle (Hydrangea paniculata) is the easiest to grow since it is infinitely adaptable. Full sun? No problem. Dry spells? It sails through.

The most famous cultivar is ‘Grandiflora’ that, true to its name, produces huge white flower clusters up to 18 inches (46 cm.) long. ‘Limelight’ is also popular, with its lime green flower buds opening to pale green flowers.

Climbing hydrangea – Yet another hydrangea that deserves a look is the spectacular climbing vine (Hydrangea anomela petiolaris). Once established, it can get to 60 feet (18 m.) high, clinging to support with root-like tendrils. Its flowers are romantic lace-cap varieties.

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