Americans eat around 125 lbs. (57 kilos) of potatoes per person each year! So it’s really no wonder that home gardeners, wherever they may live, would like to try their hands at growing their own spuds. The thing is, potatoes are a cool season crop, so what about potatoes for say, zone 9? Are there hot weather potato varieties that might be more suitable for growing potatoes in zone 9?
About Zone 9 Potatoes
Although considered a cool season crop, potatoes actually grow in USDA zones 3-10b. Zone 9 potato growers are actually quite lucky. You can plant some late maturing varieties in early summer for a fall harvest and/or plant early potato varieties and midseason types a few weeks prior to the last spring frost date for your area.
For instance, say your last spring frost date is around the end of December. Then you can plant potatoes at the very end of November to the beginning of December. The potato varieties suited for this region are not necessarily hot weather potato varieties. It all comes down to when you plant the potatoes.
This area also has optimal conditions for growing “new” potatoes in zone 9, small immature spuds with thinner skins than full grown potatoes, in the winter and spring months.
Types of Potatoes for Zone 9
Early potato choices for zone 9 that mature in less than 90 days include:
- Irish Cobbler
- Red Norland
- King Harry
Midseason potatoes, those that mature in around 100 days, include Yukon Gold and Red LaSoda, an excellent choice for warmer regions.
Late potatoes such as Butte, Katahdin, and Kennebec, mature in 110 days or more. Late maturing potatoes include a number of fingerling varieties that can also be grown in zone 9.
Growing Potatoes in Zone 9
Potatoes do best in well-draining, loose soil. They need consistent irrigation for tuber formation. Start to hill up around the plants before they bloom when they are about 6 (15 cm.) inches tall. Hilling potatoes keeps them from getting sunburned, a real threat in warmer climates, which also causes them to turn green. When potatoes turn green, they produce a chemical called solanine. Solanine makes the tubers taste bitter and is also toxic.
To hill up around the potato plants, hoe the dirt up around the base of the plant to cover the roots as well as to support it. Continue to hill up around the plant every couple of weeks to protect the crop until it is time to harvest.