Managing weeds in the garden is not one of our favorite things to do – it’s more like a necessary evil. While we may have a love for plants, weeds can oftentimes become more of a nuisance in and around the garden. They compete with our garden plants for light, water, nutrients and space. Unfortunately, weeds are also more adapted to the areas in which they seem to pop up and are sometimes more difficult to control as a result.
Garden Weed Management
When it comes to weed control in gardens, both patience and persistence are necessary. And, of course, some weed removing tools may be handy too. Dense planting and the application of mulch can be one of the most effective methods in managing weeds. In addition to helping with soil moisture, mulch reduces weed growth by reducing the light weed seeds require for germination. Those that do somehow germinate (and they sometimes do) can usually be pulled up rather easily.
All weeds should be removed while they are still young. Leaving them in the garden to grow or go to seed will only make their removal more difficult and allows their seeds a chance to spread. Hand pulling young weeds works well in small garden beds. They can be easily pulled up, especially when the ground is wet from watering or just after a good rain, since their roots have not yet established themselves. Larger areas, however, may call for additional weed removing tools, like a hoe or tiller.
Hoes are great for getting weeds near or in between other plants as well as in tight spaces. Both manual and powered rotary tillers can also take care of weeds, but they’re best used before the garden has become established since their deep cultivation runs the risk of damaging plant roots. Therefore, you may want to focus on using these tools in areas such as rows or paths rather than within close proximity of garden plants.
Permanent Weed Control
Unfortunately, even with all our best efforts, pesky weeds can get the better of us. In these instances, a more permanent weed control regimen may be needed. This usually comes in the form of chemical control with the use of herbicides, though some organic types are available as well. It’s particularly important that you read and follow label instructions carefully, as not all herbicides for weed control are the same. For example, pre-emergent types control weeds by preventing seed germination. Post-emergent herbicides are only used on established weed growth.
Additionally, most herbicides are not recommended for use on vegetables or other edible plants, though some may be labeled for use on selected vegetable crops. Other types may simply be used for specific ornamental plantings.
Boiling water or white vinegar sprays are effective alternatives to chemical control but care should be taken not to get any on nearby plants, as both of these methods kill the plants they come into contact with.
Selecting the type that best fits your specific situation is critical in establishing effective weed control in gardens.