What Are The Varieties Of Basil: Types Of Basil For Cooking

Fresh green and purple basil leaves close-up
Image by mazzzur

By Jackie Rhoades

All of the different types of basil are members of the mint family and some basil varieties have been cultivated for more than 5,000 years.  Almost all basil varieties are cultivated as culinary herbs.  When talking about the different types of basil, most people are familiar with the sweet basil varieties used in Italian cuisine, but many different types of basil are used in Asian cooking as well.  So what are the varieties of basil?  The following is a list of types of basil.

A List Of Basil Types

  • Lettuce Leaf Basil
  • Dark Opal Basil
  • Lemon Basil
  • Licorice Basil
  • Cinnamon Basil
  • French Basil
  • American Basil
  • Egyptian Basil
  • Bush Basil
  • Thai Basil
  • Red Basil
  • Genovese   Basil
  • Magical Michael Basil
  • Holy Basil
  • Nufar Basil
  • Purple Ruffles Basil
  • Red Rubin Basil
  • Siam Queen Basil
  • Spicy Globe Basil
  • Sweet Dani Basil
  • Amethyst Improved Basil
  • Mrs. Burns’ Lemon Basil
  • Pistou Basil
  • Lime Basil
  • Christmas Basil
  • Superbo Basil
  • Queenette Basil
  • Napoletano Basil
  • Serata Basil
  • Blue Spice Basil
  • Osmin Purple Basil
  • Fino Verde Basil
  • Marseille Basil
  • Minette Basil
  • Minimum Basil
  • Queen Of Sheba Basil
  • Fine Verde Basil
  • Greek Dwarf Basil
  • Prao Ka Basil

As you can see, the list of basil types is long.  Why not plant a few types of basil for cooking in your herb garden this year?  See what these basil types can do to add flavor and fragrance to your salads, stews and other items on your dinner menu.

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