Egyptian Garden Design – Creating An Egyptian Garden In Your Backyard

Single White Flower Floating On Water
(Image credit: MirasWonderland)

Themed gardens from around the world are a popular option for landscape design. Egyptian gardening combines an array of fruits, vegetables, and flowers that were both native to the Nile floodplains, as well as those imported species that captured the hearts of Egyptians throughout the centuries.

Creating an Egyptian garden in the backyard is as simple as incorporating the plants and elements of design from this region.

Egyptian Garden Elements

From a civilization born around the fertile offerings of a river and its delta, water features are a staple of Egyptian garden design. Rectangular fish and duck ponds lined with fruit-bearing trees were commonplace in the ancient gardens of wealthy Egyptians. Fed by irrigation channels, which eliminated the need to manually transport water from the river, manmade ponds allowed ancient Egyptians the opportunity to expand agriculture away from the flood basin of the Nile.

Walls constructed of adobe brick were another common feature of Egyptian garden design. Built to differentiate garden spaces and protect vegetables and fruit crops from animals, walls were part of the formal layout of the garden. Like ponds and housing, gardens were rectangular and reflected the Egyptian's understanding of complex geometric concepts.

Flowers, especially, were an essential part of temple and tomb gardens. Ancient Egyptians believed floral fragrances indicated the presence of gods. They symbolically adorned and garnished their deceased with flowers prior to entombment. In particular, papyrus and water lily embodied the ancient Egyptian's beliefs of creationism, making these two species crucial plants for Egyptian gardens.

Plants for Egyptian Gardens

If you're adding Egyptian garden elements to your landscaping design, consider incorporating the same flora which was grown in ancient residences near the Nile. Select these special plants for Egyptian gardens:

Trees and Shrubs

Fruit and Vegetables


Laura Miller

Laura Miller has been gardening all her life. Holding a degree in Biology, Nutrition, and Agriculture, Laura's area of expertise is vegetables, herbs, and all things edible. She lives in Ohio.