Northeast Native Plants For New England And The Mid-Atlantic

Many pink flowering Joe Pie Weed plants growing outdoors
(Image credit: vsanderson)

There are many good reasons to include native plants in the landscape. Not only are these species well-adapted to the environment and require less care, but they also benefit indigenous animals, birds, and insects. Here's a comprehensive list of native plants Northeast gardeners are sure to love.

Perennial Flowering and Foliage Plants

Whether you're looking for Maryland native plants to add a bit of color to your cottage garden or you're tired of fickle ornamentals in your upstate New York backyard, these native plants will add visual interest to any flowerbed:


From the western edge of Pennsylvania to the top of Maine, native plants in these fern species are the perfect accent foliage for shady areas of the garden:

Grasses, Rushes, and Sedges

Why struggle with non-native species of turf grass and ornamentals in the garden? Try these New England and Pennsylvania native plants instead.

  • Common Rush (Juncus effusus)
  • Fox Sedge (Carex vulpinoidea)
  • Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans)
  • Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)
  • Pennsylvania Sedge (Carex pensylvanica)
  • Prairie Dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)
  • Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)
  • Tussock Sedge (Carex stricta)


Whether you're looking for blueberry plants that thrive in New Jersey or native hydrangea, Northeast gardeners have an array of indigenous shrubs from which to choose:


Let's not forget the many species of native trees which comprise acres of forest land in Northeastern United States. These indigenous plants will be at home in backyards throughout the region:

Laura Miller

Laura Miller has been gardening all her life. Holding a degree in Biology, Nutrition, and Agriculture, Laura's area of expertise is vegetables, herbs, and all things edible. She lives in Ohio.